Niagara Falls

From Klara and Karina

Nigara Falls…… Nature is amazing and on the move.

Niagara Falls were formed when glaciers receded at the end of the Wisconsin glaciation (the last ice age), and water from the newly-formed Great Lakes carved a path through the Niagara Escarpment  en route to the Atlantic Ocean. While not exceptionally high, the Niagara Falls are very wide. More than six million cubic feet (168,000 m³) of water falls over the crest line every minute in high flow, and almost 4 million cubic feet (110,000 m³) on average. It is the most powerful waterfall in North America.

The Niagara Falls are renowned both for their beauty and as a valuable source of hydroelectric power. Managing the balance between recreational, commercial, and industrial uses has been a challenge for the stewards of the falls since the 1800s.

Today the falls has moved more than seven miles upstream due to erosion. Erosion continues today, but the rate has been slowed by the diversion of water upstream for the generation of electricity. We can temporarily maintainthe shape of the falls by slowing erosion, but even modern technology can’t stop geological activity. Niagara Falls is a living, constantly evolving example of the processes that formed it.

 

 

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Niagara Power Project

From Klara and Karina:

As some of you know we started our visit here in the States by going on a Road Trip to Niagara Falls. And when there we also visited the Niagara Falls Power Plant. It was a very interesting visit in relation to Waterways.

From the Niagara Falls Power Plant website:

You know it as one of the great natural wonders of the world. But did you know that the power behind Niagara Falls also helps generate some of the least expensive electricity anywhere?

The United States and Canada have shared the Niagara River’s water power—along with a commitment to preserve the beauty of the Falls—for nearly half a century.  And our Niagara Power Project will continue to produce steady supplies of clean, carbon-free hydroelectricity for another 50 years with a new federal license which took effect September 1, 2007.

Check out the link below for more information about the plant and the whole power projekt:

NYPA Facilities:  Niagara Power Project

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Waterways first action

WATERWAYS ACTIONS

Sunday, August16th, 11 AM to 7 PM

On the Waterpod in the Brooklyn Bridge Park

www.thewaterpod.org

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activities and research to jumpstart the process

Below is a list of activities, exercises or experiments that the collaborators would like to explore and plan to do during the project.

  • I went through some old notes and  I like the idea about making pharmaceuticals from the East river. Instead of purifying water we would recycle medicaments or toxic chemicals. And maybe this would actually result in purifying water. The location could be Newton Creek – the most polluted water in NYC. /Klara

iLAND asks the collaborators

A LETTER FROM iLAND, with the collective answers of the Waterways collaborators

S5000280Dear Waterways collaborators,

These questions are designed to inspire and facilitate your collaboration as well as to help articulate areas of the process that you feel could be of interest to future residencies. As you know this residency hopes to facilitate a deeper understanding of collaborations across disciplines and to provide you with an opportunity to explore the connections between dance and ecologies. It is in this creative and exploratory vein that these questions are posed to guide, define and illuminate your experience of the residency together.

Feel free to pick and choose which questions interest you and add your own questions and/or comments freely.

Preliminary Questions to be answered at the beginning of your time working together.

What is your starting point?

A blank slate?  We each come from our individual areas of expertise. This gives us a strong background, though not shared experience.  Our starting point will in one sense be sharing our experiences, by crafting experiments, activities, discussions and site visits that allow us to exchange information.

State 5 of the most important goals for the residency –  In terms of your collaboration, the environments you are working in, the participants working with you, the consultants you are working with.

Here’s a start:

– connecting with locals through one-on-one actions and through community partnerships

– moving between disciplines through hands-on water research

– developing new tools for collaboration and “interdisciplinary thinking”

– crafting a template for working with water issues that could be transposed to other cultures

– learning from one another and collaborating well and freely

Could you talk a bit about the relationship between your own kinetic and ecological perspectives? Do you find differences and similarities in how they generate creative activity and stimulate your collaboration?

Water moves in streams and through an underground city circulation.  The natural and imposed movements of water may be reflective of natural movements and altered movement methods of dance.

An early idea was to walk the way of the city’s water circulatory system, carrying buckets the way that water flows (this from Matt in the League).

an interesting watery place – galapagos

From Matt:

I just wanted to post a link to Galapagos Art Space as a possible venue for an aspect of this project. It is basically a night club that presents various degrees of experimental music other performance arts. There are two reasons I thought it could be a good place for us: it is right by the water between the  Brooklyn and Manhattan Bridges (across the street from where Annie, Lucy, David and I met), and it has a water theme with the audience sitting on islands floating on a pool of water where the floor would normally be. It would be a good venue if we wanted to have a night-time performance that we were trying to draw a bunch of people to. Check it out:

http://www.galapagosartspace.com/

Green architechture for the future

From Klara:

Louisiana is a museum for modern art outside Copenhagen. I was there yesterday and their current exhibition “Green architechture for the future” is very interesting. It focuses on new departures in architecture that meet the need for sustainable development. Here are some quotes and information from yesterday that I want to share with you:

“54,4% of movement by walking and cycling in Shanghai”

“10% of movement by walking and cycling in new NYC”

“Average water usage for inhabitants in NY: 500 liters per capita”

“Average water usage for inhabitants in Copenhagen: 121 liters per capita”

“A person emits 35 g of moisture per hour while standing and 125 g per hour while doing strenuous activity.”

“Natural sounds are significantly different to technical or synthetic sounds. We attribute positive associations to natural sounds, whereas technical or synthetic sounds of the same sound level are perceived as noice. A waterfall, especially in an atrium, creates a positive background noise, which covers other sounds, in addition to providing privacy.”

Underneath is a quote by Norman Foster referring to a project that he is working on from 2007-2023. Masdar City is to be built in the United Arab Emirates and the plan is to create a prototypical and sustainable city, one in which residents and commuters can enjoy the highest quality of life with the lowest environmental footprint.

“To believe in a sustainable future is to trust it will result in a better world. The city of the future has to be a more attractive place in which to live and work. If Masdor or any sustainable initiative does not result in a great place to be, if it isn´t a city that you really want to live in or visit, if it does not lift the spirits, then it is not fulfilling a central part of its function.”

More info about the exhibition here: Green Architecture for the Future – Louisiana Museum of Modern Art

And here is also a cool website made for this exhibition: what if?….cities

Klara